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Cách đọc BMI cho bé 5-19 tuổi

Mẹ hãy tham khảo tiêu chuẩn về BMI của trẻ từ 5-19 tuổi theo số liệu mới nhất của Tổ chức Y tế Thế giới WHO trong bảng dưới đây nhé.

8 phút để đọc Tháng 1 11, 2018

Công thức tính BMI là = Cân nặng/ Chiều cao*Chiều cao (Đơn vị tính: kg/mét vuông)
x<-2SD: Suy dinh dưỡng
-2SD<x<+2SD: Tăng trưởng nằm trong chuẩn chuẩn (Median: Đạt chuẩn)
x>+2SD: Béo phì

Chiều dài theo tuổi (Z-scores)Bé Trai Bé Gái
Tháng-3SD-2SD-1SDTrung Bình+1SD+2SD+3SD-3SD-2SD-1SDTrung Bình+1SD+2SD+3SD
5:112.113.014.115.316.618.320.211.812.713.915.216.918.921.3
5:212.113.014.115.316.718.320.211.812.713.915.216.918.921.4
5:312.113.014.115.316.718.320.211.812.713.915.216.918.921.5
5:412.113.014.115.316.718.320.311.812.713.915.216.918.921.5
5:512.113.014.115.316.718.320.311.712.713.915.216.919.021.6
5:612.113.014.115.316.718.420.411.712.713.915.216.919.021.7
5:712.113.014.115.316.718.420.411.712.713.915.216.919.021.7
5:812.113.014.115.316.718.420.511.712.713.915.317.019.121.8
5:912.113.014.115.316.718.420.511.712.713.915.317.019.121.9
5:1012.113.014.115.316.718.520.611.712.713.915.317.019.122.0
5:1112.113.014.115.316.718.520.611.712.713.915.317.019.222.1
6:012.113.014.115.316.818.520.711.712.713.915.317.019.222.1
6:112.113.014.115.316.818.620.811.712.713.915.317.019.322.2
6:212.213.114.115.316.818.620.811.712.713.915.317.019.322.3
6:312.213.114.115.316.818.620.911.712.713.915.317.119.322.4
6:412.213.114.115.416.818.721.011.712.713.915.317.119.422.5
6:512.213.114.115.416.918.721.011.712.713.915.317.119.422.6
6:612.213.114.115.416.918.721.111.712.713.915.317.119.522.7
6:712.213.114.115.416.918.821.211.712.713.915.317.219.522.8
6:812.213.114.215.416.918.821.311.712.713.915.317.219.622.9
6:912.213.114.215.417.018.921.311.712.713.915.417.219.623.0
6:1012.213.114.215.417.018.921.411.712.713.915.417.219.723.1
6:1112.213.114.215.517.019.021.511.712.713.915.417.319.723.2
7:012.313.114.215.517.019.021.611.812.713.915.417.319.823.3
7:112.313.214.215.517.119.121.711.812.713.915.417.319.823.4
7:212.313.214.215.517.119.121.811.812.814.015.417.419.923.5
7:312.313.214.315.517.119.221.911.812.814.015.517.420.023.6
7:412.313.214.315.617.219.222.011.812.814.015.517.420.023.7
7:512.313.214.315.617.219.322.011.812.814.015.517.520.123.9
7:612.313.214.315.617.219.322.111.812.814.015.517.520.124.0
7:712.313.214.315.617.319.422.211.812.814.015.517.520.224.1
7:812.313.214.315.617.319.422.411.812.814.015.617.620.324.2
7:912.413.314.315.717.319.522.511.912.814.115.617.620.324.4
7:1012.413.314.415.717.419.622.611.912.914.115.617.620.424.5
7:1112.413.314.415.717.419.622.711.912.914.115.717.720.524.6
8:012.413.314.415.717.419.722.811.912.914.115.717.720.624.8
8:112.413.314.415.817.519.722.911.912.914.115.717.820.624.9
8:212.413.314.415.817.519.823.011.912.914.215.717.820.725.1
8:312.413.314.415.817.519.923.111.912.914.215.817.920.825.2
8:412.413.414.515.817.619.923.311.913.014.215.817.920.925.3
8:512.513.414.515.917.620.023.412.013.014.215.818.020.925.5
8:612.513.414.515.917.720.123.512.013.014.315.918.021.025.6
8:712.513.414.515.917.720.123.612.013.014.315.918.121.125.8
8:812.513.414.515.917.720.223.812.013.014.315.918.121.225.9
8:912.513.414.616.017.820.323.912.013.114.316.018.221.326.1
8:1012.513.514.616.017.820.324.012.113.114.416.018.221.326.2
8:1112.513.514.616.017.920.424.212.113.114.416.118.321.426.4
9:012.613.514.616.017.920.524.312.113.114.416.118.321.526.5
9:112.613.514.616.118.020.524.412.113.214.516.118.421.626.7
9:212.613.514.716.118.020.624.612.113.214.516.218.421.726.8
9:312.613.514.716.118.020.724.712.213.214.516.218.521.827.0
9:412.613.614.716.218.120.824.912.213.214.616.318.621.927.2
9:512.613.614.716.218.120.825.012.213.314.616.318.621.927.3
9:612.713.614.816.218.220.925.112.213.314.616.318.722.027.5
9:712.713.614.816.318.22125.312.313.314.716.418.722.127.6
9:812.713.614.816.318.321.125.512.313.414.716.418.82.227.8
9:912.713.714.816.318.321.225.612.313.414.716.518.822.327.9
9:1012.713.714.916.418.421.225.812.313.414.816.518.922.428.1
9:1112.813.714.916.418.421.325.912.413.414.816.619.022.528.2
10:012.813.714.916.418.521.426.112.413.514.816.619.022.628.4
10:112.813.815.016.518.521.526.212.413.514.916.719.122.728.5
10:212.813.815.016.518.621.626.412.413.514.916.719.222.828.7
10:312.813.815.016.618.621.726.612.513.615.016.819.222.828.8
10:412.913.815.016.618.721.726.712.513.615.016.819.322.929
10:512.913.915.116.618.821.826.912.513.615.016.919.42329.1
10:612.913.915.116.718.821.927.012.613.715.116.919.423.129.3
10:712.913.915.116.718.922.027.212.613.715.117.019.523.229.4
10:813.013.915.216.818.922.127.412.613.715.217.019.623.329.6
10:913.014.015.216.819.022.227.512.613.815.217.119.623.429.7
10:1013.014.015.216.919.022.327.712.713.815.317.119.723.529.9
10:1113.014.015.316.919.122.427.912.713.815.317.219.823.630
11:013.114.115.316.919.222.52812.713.915.317.219.923.730.2
11:113.114.115.317.019.222.528.212.813.915.417.319.923.830.3
11:213.114.115.417.019.322.628.412.814.015.417.420.023.930.5
11:313.114.115.417.119.322.728.512.814.015.517.420.12430.6
11:413.214.215.517.119.422.828.712.914.015.517.520.224.130.8
11:513.214.215.517.219.522.928.812.914.115.617.520.224.230.9
11:613.214.215.517.219.523.02912.914.115.617.620.324.331.1
11:713.214.315.617.319.623.129.213.014.215.717.720.424.431.2
11:813.314.315.617.319.723.229.313.014.215.717.720.524.531.4
11:913.314.315.717.419.723.329.513.014.315.817.820.624.731.5
11:1013.314.415.717.419.823.429.613.114.315.817.920.624.831.6
11:1113.414.415.717.519.923.529.813.114.315.917.920.724.931.8
12:013.414.515.817.519.923.63013.214.416.018.020.82531.9
12:113.414.515.817.620.023.730.113.214.416.018.120.925.132
12:213.514.515.917.620.123.830.313.214.516.118.121.025.232.2
12:313.514.615.917.720.223.930.413.314.516.118.221.125.332.3
12:413.514.616.017.820.22430.613.314.616.218.321.125.432.4
12:513.614.616.017.820.324.130.713.314.616.218.321.225.532.6
12:613.614.716.117.920.424.230.913.414.716.318.421.325.632.7
12:713.614.716.117.920.424.331.013.414.716.318.521.425.732.8
12:813.714.816.218.020.524.431.113.514.816.418.521.525.833
12:913.714.816.218.020.624.531.313.514.816.418.621.625.933.1
12:1013.714.816.318.120.724.631.413.514.816.518.721.62633.2
12:1113.814.916.318.220.824.731.613.614.916.618.721.726.133.3
13:013.814.916.418.220.824.831.713.614.916.618.821.826.233.4
13:113.815.016.418.320.924.931.813.615.016.718.921.926.333.5
13:213.915.016.518.421.025.031.913.715.016.718.92226.433.6
13:313.915.116.518.421.125.132.113.715.116.8192226.533.7
13:414.015.116.618.521.125.232.213.815.116.819.122.126.633.8
13:514.015.216.618.621.225.232.313.815.216.919.122.226.733.9
13:614.015.216.718.621.325.332.413.815.216.919.222.326.834
13:714.115.216.718.721.425.432.613.915.217.019.322.426.934.1
13:814.115.316.818.721.525.532.713.915.317.019.322.42734.2
13:914.115.316.818.821.525.632.813.915.317.119.422.527.134.3
13:1014.215.416.918.921.625.732.913.015.417.119.422.627.134.4
13:1114.215.417.018.921.725.833.014.015.417.219.522.727.234.5
14:014.315.517.019.021.825.933.114.015.417.219.622.727.334.6
14:114.315.517.119.121.826.033.214.115.517.319.622.827.434.7
14:214.315.617.119.121.926.133.314.115.517.319.722.927.534.7
14:314.415.617.219.222.026.233.414.115.617.419.722.927.634.8
14:414.415.717.219.322.126.333.514.115.617.419.82327.734.9
14:514.515.717.319.322.226.433.514.215.617.519.923.127.735
14:614.515.717.319.422.226.433.614.215.717.519.923.127.835.1
14:714.515.817.419.522.326.533.714.215.717.620.023.227.935.1
14:814.615.817.419.522.426.633.814.315.717.620.023.32835.2
14:914.615.917.519.622.526.733.914.315.817.620.123.32835.3
14:1014.615.917.519.622.526.833.914.315.817.720.123.428.135.4
14:1114.716.017.619.722.626.934.014.315.817.720.223.528.235.5
15:014.716.017.619.822.727.034.114.415.917.820.223.528.235.5
15:114.716.117.719.822.827.134.114.415.917.820.323.628.335.6
15:214.816.117.819.922.827.134.214.415.917.820.323.628.435.7
15:314.816.117.820.022.927.234.314.416.017.920.423.728.435.7
15:414.816.217.920.023.027.334.314.516.017.920.423.728.535.8
15:514.916.217.920.123.027.434.414.516.017.920.423.828.535.8
15:614.916.318.020.123.127.434.514.516.018.020.523.828.635.8
15:715.016.318.020.223.227.534.514.516.118.020.523.928.635.9
15:815.016.318.120.323.327.634.614.516.118.020.623.928.735.9
15:915.016.418.120.323.327.734.614.516.118.120.624.028.736.0
15:1015.016.418.220.423.427.734.714.616.118.120.624.028.836.0
15:1115.116.518.220.423.527.834.714.616.218.120.724.128.836.0
16:015.116.518.220.523.527.934.814.616.218.220.724.128.936.1
16:115.116.518.320.623.627.934.814.616.218.220.724.128.936.1
16:215.216.618.320.623.728.034.814.616.218.220.824.229.036.1
16:315.216.618.420.723.728.134.914.616.218.220.824.229.036.1
16:415.216.718.420.723.828.134.914.616.218.320.824.329.036.2
16:515.316.718.520.823.828.235.014.616.318.320.924.329.136.2
16:615.316.718.520.823.928.335.014.716.318.320.924.329.136.2
16:715.316.818.620.924.028.335.014.716.318.320.924.429.136.2
16:815.316.818.620.924.028.435.114.716.318.320.924.429.236.2
16:915.416.818.721.024.128.535.114.716.318.421.024.429.236.3
16:1015.416.918.721.024.228.535.114.716.318.421.024.429.236.3
16:1115.416.918.721.124.228.635.214.716.318.421.024.529.336.3
17:015.416.918.821.124.328.635.214.716.418.421.024.529.336.3
17:115.517.018.821.224.328.735.214.716.418.421.124.529.336.3
17:215.517.018.921.224.428.735.214.716.418.421.124.629.336.3
17:315.517.018.921.324.428.835.314.716.418.521.124.629.436.3
17:415.517.118.921.324.528.935.314.716.418.521.124.629.436.3
17:515.617.119.021.424.528.935.314.716.418.521.124.629.436.3
17:615.617.119.021.424.629.035.314.716.418.521.224.629.436.3
17:715.617.119.121.524.729.035.414.716.418.521.224.729.436.3
17:815.617.219.121.524.729.135.414.716.418.521.224.729.536.3
17:915.617.219.121.624.829.135.414.716.418.521.224.729.536.3
17:1015.717.219.221.624.829.235.414.716.418.521.224.729.536.3
17:1115.717.319.221.724.929.235.414.716.418.621.224.829.536.3
18:015.717.319.221.724.929.235.414.716.418.621.324.829.536.3
18:115.717.319.321.825.029.335.414.716.518.621.324.829.536.3
18:215.717.319.321.825.029.335.514.716.518.621.324.829.636.3
18:315.717.419.321.825.129.435.514.716.518.621.324.829.636.3
18:415.817.419.421.925.129.435.514.716.518.621.324.829.636.3
18:515.817.419.421.925.129.535.514.716.518.621.324.929.636.2
18:615.817.419.422.025.229.535.514.716.518.621.324.929.636.2
18:715.817.519.522.025.229.535.514.716.518.621.424.929.636.2
18:815.817.519.522.025.329.635.514.716.518.621.424.929.636.2
18:915.817.519.522.125.329.635.514.716.518.721.424.929.636.2
18:1015.817.519.622.125.429.635.514.716.518.721.424.929.636.2
18:1115.817.519.622.225.429.735.514.716.518.721.425.029.736.2
19:015.917.619.622.225.429.735.514.716.518.721.425.029.736.2

CHẾ ĐỘ ĂN CHO BÉ THEO LỨA TUỔI

Trẻ từ 0 – 6 tháng tuổi:

  • Bú mẹ hoàn toàn theo nhu cầu.

  • Không cần uống thêm bất cứ thứ nước gì khác.


Trẻ từ 7 tháng tới 9 tháng tuổi:

  • Bú mẹ nhiều lần trong ngày (nếu uống sữa công thức hoàn toàn cần 700 – 800 ml/ngày)

  • Ăn dặm bột từ lỏng tới sệt: 2 bữa/ngày (mỗi bữa từ 30 ml lúc mới bắt đầu, tăng dần lên1/2 chén – 2/3 chén/ bữa)

    Thành phần trong 1 chén bột chuẩn 200 ml: 20 g gạo; 20 g thịt, cá, tôm, trứng…; 20 g rau củ; 2 mcf dầu thực vật

  • Nước trái cây hoặc trái cây mềm: 1-2 lần/ngày (50 – 100 ml)


Trẻ từ 10 tháng tới 24 tháng tuổi

  • Cháo sệt - đặc: 3 bữa/ngày (mỗi bữa từ 2/3 – 1 chén)

    Thành phần trong 1 chén cháo chuẩn: 30 g gạo; 30 g thịt, cá, tôm, cua, trứng…; 20 -30 g rau củ; 2 mcf dầu mỡ

  • Tiếp tục bú mẹ nhiều lần trong ngày hoặc uống thêm sữa công thức, sữa tươi (khi trên 1 tuổi), ăn sữa chua, phô mai, váng sữa…500 – 700 ml/ngày

  • Trái cây tươi: 2 lần/ngày (50-150 mg)

    Trẻ từ 3 – 5 tuổi

  • 3 bữa chính: cơm, cháo, phở, mì, nui, hủ tiếu…

    Lượng thực phẩm trong mỗi bữa: 40 – 50 g gạo; 30 – 40 g thịt, cá, tôm, cua, trứng…; 50 - 60 g rau củ; 2 mcf dầu mỡ

  • Thêm 3 bữa phụ: sữa công thức, sữa tươi, sữa chua, phô mai, váng sữa… 500 ml/ngày

  • Trái cây tươi: 2 lần/ngày (100-150 mg)

    Trẻ từ 6 – 10 tuổi

  • 3 bữa chính: cơm, cháo, phở, mì, nui, hủ tiếu…

    Lượng thực phẩm trong mỗi bữa: 50 – 100 g gạo; 40 – 60 g thịt, cá, tôm, cua, trứng…; 50 - 100 g rau củ; 2 mcf dầu mỡ.

  • Thêm 3 bữa phụ: sữa tươi, sữa chua, phô mai, váng sữa… 500 ml/ngày

  • Trái cây tươi: 2 lần/ngày (150-200 mg)

    Trẻ từ 11 – 18 tuổi

  • Chế độ ăn uống như 6 – 10 tuổi

  • Lượng thực phẩm trong mỗi bữa: 100 - 150 g gạo; 60 – 80 g thịt, cá, tôm, cua, trứng…; 100 g rau củ; 2 mcf dầu mỡ.